January 18, 2019 7 min read

What Makes a Dog Hypoallergenic?

When it comes to dogs, the term “hypoallergenic” refers to dog breeds believed to be more compatible with people with dog-related allergies. Even though we often hear people say they are allergic to dogs, there is really no such thing. People who are “allergic to dogs” are actually sensitive to allergens like dander, or the microscopic skin flakes in an animal’s fur. Even though there is no such thing as dog breeds that are 100% hypoallergenic, those who are considered hypoallergenic typically produce less dander making them better suited for homes with allergic family members.

What are the Most Popular Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds?

There are dozens of dog breeds that could be considered hypoallergenic due to their type of fur and how frequently they shed. Because hypoallergenic dogs breeds vary in size, behavior, and training, there is guaranteed to be a hypoallergenic dog that meets your specific needs and those of your family’s. Some of the most popular hypoallergenic dogs include the Schnauzer, Poodle and Labradoodle, and Greyhounds.

List of Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds

If you are looking for a hypoallergenic dog for your family, consider adopting one from a shelter. There are currently thousands of dogs waiting for a home, and many of them are hypoallergenic. Not sure what dogs are hypoallergenic? Here is a comprehensive list of hypoallergenic dogs ranked by size.

Best Hypoallergenic Dog Breeds that are Small

Small dogs are perfect for small apartments and people who enjoy constant companionship everywhere they go, and who also happen to be allergy sufferers.

The list of the breeds that are hypoallergenic is extensive and includes some of the most popular dogs in the world:

  • American Hairless Terrier

  • Australian Silky Terrier

  • Basenji

  • Bichon Frise

  • Bolognese

  • Border Terrier

  • Brussels Griffon

  • Havanese

  • Maltese

  • Miniature Schnauzer

  • Scottish Terrier

  • Shih Tzu

  • Toy Poodle

  • Yorkshire Terrier

Some of the hypoallergenic breeds:

Bichon Fries

The Bichon Frise has a puffball-like appearance. They're frequently referred to as "woolly". Their outer covering of hair traps their shedding underlayer. They are lovely dogs that shed very little if kept well-groomed.

They were originally bred to be sailing and herding dogs, but they are more lap dogs now, meaning they need regular grooming and brushing. Bichon fries are great family dogs. These breeds fall under the category of adaptable family companions.

The Bichon has a strong need to be adored. They will frequently draw attention back to themselves if they are not the centre of attention. This can be endearing and entertaining for both children and adults. They can become destructive and violent if left alone for too long.


The Bichon Frise is a fantastic addition to your home if you offer it enough love and attention. The majority of owners will hire a professional groomer, but you can keep them in good shape on your own.


The Maltese are lovely tiny dogs that are, as the name implies, hypoallergenic.Its famous floor-length pet hair is a dream come true for people wanting style, class, and allergy treatment.

This dog breed is extremely affectionate and weighs only approximately 7 pounds. They are placid and agile at the same time.

They are both nice and intelligent. The Maltese, on the other hand, has a princess-like disposition. They enjoy getting their way. You'll want to keep it in mind when you're training.

two small dogs

Keeping the Maltese clean, having enough treats on hand for rewards, and having a good sense of humour will enable you to keep your dog happy.


The poodle is a natural fit. Because of their curly-cue hair, they shed less and hence produce fewer allergies. You may acquire them in three different sizes: toy, small, and standard.

The poodle is an easy dog to train because it is both intelligent and athletic. They are also extremely loyal, which makes them excellent family pets. Poodles are wary of strangers and frequently bark at them. They are rarely confrontational, but their fear of strangers can be frightening to others.

Lady holding dog while on phone

Overall, the poodle is a wonderful dog that is also extremely hypoallergenic. Your sneezes will be kept at bay if they keep their hair well-trimmed and short. As a hypoallergenic dog, I definitely recommend the poodle.


This sassy dog breed exudes sophistication. I see a miniature gentleman when I think of a Schnauzer. Because they shed so little, they're hypoallergenic. Any soft undercoat hairs are caught by their short wiry attract and do not end up in your nose. These are adorable dogs.

They require an outlet for their energy, as they are intelligent and active. They'd be delighted to chase squirrels in your backyard or take a daily walk with you. Schnauzers make excellent family pets, but they may be stubborn.

You should use a hard hand when training to show them who is the alpha.


The Schnauzer has a low maintenance requirement. Bathing and brushing them regularly will assist to remove the hairy undercoat and keep you from getting a cold. They'd take action.

Shih Tzu

The Shih Tzu is already widely known to be a hypoallergenic breed of dog. For that reason, many individuals purchase this breed. They are small dogs with a beautiful, silky coat that is frequently ornamented with bows.

The Shih Tzu has a coat that resembles hair. The majority of dogs with this coat have two layers. The softer underlayer, which is more likely to shed, becomes entangled in the hair-like outer layer, effectively eliminating shedding. You will have few allergy problems if you brush and groom them on a regular basis.

Shih Tzu

Because they only weigh about 16 pounds, the Shih Tzu is classified as a toy breed. It makes them more manageable in smaller spaces. They are usually outgoing and sociable.


This native Cuban dog has a fierce personality as well as a non-shedding coat for its owner.

Small Grey Dog

The Havanese is adaptable to a wide range of living environments, including apartments and homes with large yards.

Medium-Sized Hypoallergenic Dogs

Medium-sized dogs make for the perfect family pet. They are generally great with children and adults who like to take their dogs on adventures like hikes and bike rides. However, not many medium-sized dogs are hypoallergenic so options may be more limited:

  • Barbet

  • Irish Terrier

  • Kerry Blue Terrier

  • Labradoodle

  • Lagotto Romagnolo

  • Lakeland Terrier

  • Schnauzer

Even though the labradoodle made it on the list, it’s important to note that their level of shedding varies per individual dog. While poodles are widely considered hypoallergenic, Labradors aren’t; so it all hinges on genetics. Genetics will also play an important role in their size, so some may be regarded as large rather than medium-sized.

Lagotto Romagnolo

The Lagotto Romagnolo is a happy, energetic dog that requires a lot of activity.The Lagotto Romagnolo breed is known to be exceptionally affectionate towards its owners. Their thick, wavy coat is similar to that of a Poodle.

They must be clipped and brushed on a regular basis to avoid matting.

Large Grey Dog on Beach

Kerry blue terrier breeds.

The Kerry Blue Terrier is a bright and fun-loving dog.

A household that is active and can provide daily exercise is ideal for this breed. Although there are many other terrier breeds this one is said to be the favourite pick of dog lovers. It is the soft coated wheaten terrier that attracts many. Having said that, the soft coat does shed a little.

They must have their coats brushed and trimmed on a regular basis to ensure your allergies don't prevent you from playing with your furry friend.

Jack Russel Dog

Large Hypoallergenic Dogs

If you have the room and space, large dogs can be excellent companions. They are generally calm, easy to train, and can make good watchdogs. The best thing about large hypoallergenic dogs? They are the perfect cuddle buddies! Here are the most popular hypoallergenic large breeds:

  • Afghan Hound

  • Airedale Terrier

  • Giant Schnauzer

  • Irish Water Spaniel

  • Komondor

  • Portuguese Water Dog

  • Standard Poodle

Afghan hounds

Consider Axel Rose or any other 90s rockstar if you've never seen an Afghan Hound before. They're renowned as the "Barbie dolls" of the dog world because of their smooth, gorgeous hair. They are a great choice among hypoallergenic dogs because of their beautiful locks, which are relatively shed-free.

Brown and White Dog

They can be obstinate despite their beauty. Were we taken aback? This appears to apply to all animals! Because of their aloof attitude, it can be difficult to train the Afghan Hound. They might not even acknowledge you if they don't find themselves in the mood for socialization.

Afghan Hounds also require a lot of exercise. They were bred to be hunting dogs in the first place, and they have a strong hunting instinct.

Irish Water Spaniels

The Irish Water Spaniel will bring a grin to your face. The way they appear is a little odd but it's cute in its own way. They are such a lively breed, and one of the best breeds of dogs that don't shed. This breed is a medium-sized dog that weighs between 45 and 65 pounds.

Dog in Water

The curly hair has a poodle-like appearance. Brushing and grooming are required. The more you can stick to their grooming standards, like with any hypoallergenic dog, the better you will be able to avoid an allergic reaction. Trimming this breed a few times per year is also advised.

The Irish Water Spaniel has a reputation for being a clown. These dogs will not let you down as long as they are around people and have something to do.

Are Shih Tzu Dogs Hypoallergenic?

Since Shih Tzus shed considerably fewer than other dogs, they are considered hypoallergenic. Shih Tzus have hair-like fur which means less production of dander. As a result, they have become one of the most popular breeds for people who suffer from allergies.

Are Yorkies Hypoallergenic Dogs?

Yorkshire Terriers or Yorkies are a great choice for people with allergies due to the fact that they barely shed. Additionally, like Shih Tzus, Yorkies have hair-like fur which produces minimal dander.

Are Maltese Dogs Hypoallergenic?

Maltese dogs are classified as hypoallergenic because they don’t shed. Their smaller size also contributes to lower amounts of dander and other allergens.

Dog Allergy Medicine

If you are in the 10% of people who are sensitive to dog-related allergens, hypoallergenic dogs can be the solution. However, some people may still develop allergic reactions when interacting with hypoallergenic dogs, despite the minimal amount of dander.

Allergy Medicine for Dogs

Fortunately, there is prescription and over-the-counter medications that can help with mild and moderate allergies. Remedies like CBD oil for dog allergies can also provide dog allergy relief if you are looking for a more natural alternative.