September 04, 2022 7 min read

Every pet owner can find it terrifying to see their pet experience seizures. Dog seizures are characterized by spasms, collapsing, compulsively drooling, loss of consciousness, and jerks. Among the most prevalent neurological conditions in canines is a seizure. There are numerous potential causes for them. Usually, seizures last just a couple of seconds, however, if your canine experiences several episodes, an examination for epilepsy may be made. Unprompted and repeated seizures are a hallmark of epilepsy and are caused by a brain anomaly. You need to consult a reputable veterinarian if you think your pet has epilepsy.

In this article, you may learn-how does CBD oil help seizures in dogs, and lots more. Keep reading to find out.

What is Epilepsy in Dogs?

Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological conditions in canines. It consists of repeated episodes of sudden and recurring seizures, or convulsions caused by abnormal brain activity. Seizures are random, uncontrollable physical attacks that look like a twitch or vigorous shaking. The severity of seizures is also random, as they can last a few seconds or several minutes.

Epileptic seizures are brought on by aberrant electrical activity within the brain, just as they are in humans and dogs. Your pet may encounter one of three distinct types of seizures, and each form of seizure manifests itself differently in terms of symptoms.

  1. Focal Seizures

    Just a half of the canine brain has focal seizures, which affect specific areas. The signs you observe in your dog during a focal seizure can vary depending on which part of the brain is affected.

    Episodic movements, which can include head swaying, repetitive muscle contractions of a single limb, or periodic eye blinking, are brought on by aberrant activation in the motor area of the dog's brain.

    You may see signs like pupil dilation, nausea, or excessive salivation if the seizures are caused by unusual electrical activity inside the autonomic nervous system, a region of the brain.

    Other parts of the brain of your canine may experience focal seizures, which can lead to odd behaviors including hyperactivity, irrational fear, attention-seeking, or abnormal anxiousness.

  2. Generalized Seizures

    On both hemispheres of the brain of your dog, generalized seizures can happen. When a dog has a generalized seizure, they frequently lose consciousness, and defecation or urination are common occurrences. Because generalized seizures affect both parts of the brain, instead of just one limb, your dog's motions will be affected by both parts of the body when they occur. There are five types of canine generalized seizures:

    • Muscle spasms or stiffness caused by tonic seizures might linger for a couple seconds or several minutes.
    • Muscles in clonic convulsions contract quickly, causing jerking motions.
    • Muscle contractions known as tonic seizures precede clonic seizures in tonic-clonic seizures.

What Causes Seizures in Dogs?

Epilepsy may be the result of an inherited disorder or a consequence of severe brain injury. Individual seizures usually occur at times of drastic changes in brain activity, such as during activities that create excitement or when your dog is falling asleep.

Irrespective of the cause or reason of the seizure, every seizure is caused by improper electrical activity inside the dog's brain, which causes them to lose control of their body. The main causes of seizures in dogs include:

  • Consuming poison
  • Liver illness
  • High or low blood sugar
  • Kidney illness
  • Issues with electrolytes
  • Anemia
  • Head trauma
  • Encephalitis
  • Strokes
  • Brain tumor

Dog Seizure Triggers


Perhaps your dog appeared to be in excellent health before having a seizure. Alternatively, perhaps they had been acting strangely before. Seizures are what they sound like, but what triggers them and why do they happen? In general, aging and breeding can affect the potential causes.

A younger, physically healthy dog will likely experience seizures that are brought on by something different than what brings on seizures in an older dog with a chronic medical condition.

It's crucial to speak with a veterinarian in order to identify and comprehend the reason for your dog's seizure because there are several explanations that could apply.

In addition to genetic predisposition and acquired brain injuries, certain events and conditions may increase the chances of seizures in dogs.

  • Stroke
  • Trauma
  • Brain cancer
  • Irregular blood sugar
  • Kidney disease
  • Liver disease
  • Eating poison
  • Anemia
  • Encephalitis
  • Electrolyte deficiency

Your dog's seizures could fit into one of three types. These can be identified based on how they affect the brain, whether the seizures are brought on by an internal or external trigger, or whether they are simply unrelated to the brain at all.

  1. Not A Brain-Related Problem

    Certain seizures in dogs are brought on by illnesses that affect the body's organs other than the brain. These issues may consist of:

    • Reduced blood sugar
    • Toxins or poisons
    • Liver issues
    • Kidney illness
    • Abnormal electrolytes (low blood calcium)
  2. An Issue With The Brain

    Dogs may get seizures due to issues with their brains that include:

    • Brain cancer
    • Strokes
    • Brain enlargement
    • Head injury
    • Infection
    • Malformation (hydrocephalus)
  3. Idiopathic

    The most common trigger of seizures in canines is idiopathic epilepsy, however, it can only be diagnosed with certainty after all other internal and external causes of seizures have been ruled out. Additional traits include:

    • Initial seizures between 1 and 5 years old
    • Grand mal (whole body) or generalized tonic-clonic seizures
    • Regular neurological examination
    • Regular home behavior in between seizures

Dog Seizure Symptoms

Symptoms of dog seizures may range from mild to severe. The most common symptoms include stiff muscles, drooling, tongue chewing, and rapid paddling motions with their legs. In rare cases, seizures can cause incontinence.

Seizures in dogs may also cause temporary loss of consciousness, dizziness, and even momentary blindness. Immediately after a seizure, your dog may show signs of being confused or disoriented, and they may even have minor difficulties walking.

Frequently, just before having a seizure, a dog will appear confused or as though it is staring into nothing. It is prone to losing its balance. It will typically appear unsteady and confused when the seizure stops. It might also be momentarily blind, and it might want to avoid you.

What are Common Types of Seizures in Dogs?

Idiopathic Epilepsy in Dogs

The term idiopathic is used to describe any form of epilepsy that does not have a known, identifiable cause. Idiopathic epilepsy is more common in male dogs; and if left untreated, it can lead to more severe and frequent seizures.

Cluster Seizures in Dogs

These types of canine seizures are generally more common in larger breeds. Cluster seizures refer to a situation when a dog has more than one seizure in a consecutive 24-hour-periods.

Focal Seizures in Dogs

Focal seizures refer to abnormal electrical activity affecting only one part of the brain. These types of seizures often cause temporary impairment or shaking on only one side of the body.

Petit Mal Seizure in Dogs

As the name suggests, petit mal seizures are short, brief attacks that last only a few seconds. These seizures often last less than 15 seconds, but they can cause temporary loss of consciousness and other moderate symptoms.

Grand Mal Seizures in Dogs

In contrast to petit mal seizures, grand mal seizures are more severe and can last as long as two minutes. These types of seizures cause loss of consciousness and convulsions.

How to Stop a Dog from Having a Seizure

Your dog is most certainly suffering a seizure if it instantly displays confused behavior, falls to the ground on its side, and begins to kick its legs as though it is struggling to stay afloat. Any dog breed can experience tremors and seizures, while particular forms of seizures are more frequent in certain breeds than others.

If you see your dog having a seizure, there is no reason to panic. Nowadays, there are various forms of conventional and natural solutions to treat the symptoms of epilepsy and minimize the severity of seizures in the future. However, you should take your dog to the vet as soon as possible after an epileptic attack.

There are steps you can take to treat dog seizures successfully and navigate a seizure if your dog collides and begins to have one.

  • Be calm;
  • Move them back from everything that could hurt them;
  • Avoid touching or putting anything in their mouth since they might bite you;
  • Talk to them softly and touch them gently to soothe her;
  • If it's possible, time the seizure

There is a chance that your dog could become overheated if the seizure lasts for more than a few minutes. To assist them to cool off, quickly position a fan nearby to blow cool air on them. You can also wrap a cold, wet cloth around their paws. Bring your dog to the vet for a clinical trial if the seizure lasts longer than five minutes.

CBD Oil for Dog's Seizures

There are various ways that CBD oil for dogs may be able to reduce their seizures. If a dog has seizures or some other illness that causes recurring convulsions, the first step is to lessen the amount of seizure activity your dog encounters. For this, you may use CBD dog treats, CBD oils, spectrum CBD oil, etc. Nowadays, vets recommend CBD oil for canine epilepsy.

While conventional treatments may be able to treat symptoms of epilepsy, many of these pharmaceutical products have serious side effects that can be detrimental to a dog’s health long term. Hence, many pet owners are turning to natural supplements for canine seizures like dog CBD oil. Best CBD oils for dogs, as per research and anecdotal evidence, suggest CBD oil fordogs may be effective in reducing the severity and preventing the onset of seizures in dogs. The only FDA-approved CBD oils are epilepsy medications called Epidiolex; however, this has only been approved for human use.

For the best CBD for dog seizures, consider King Kanine’s line of CBD products for dogs and cats, King Kalm. All King Kalm products have been formulated with naturally-derived CBD and natural krill oil rich in omega-3 fatty acids. Most importantly, all King Kalm CBD extracts are tested by third-party labs to ensure they are completely safe for pets.